Essay on role of opposition parties in democracy

Thirty years after a war that wounded its heart, 20 years after a scandal that scarred its conscience, 10 years after fiscal policies that ridiculed its sense of responsibility and fairness, the country has nearly exhausted the qualities by which democracy survives and flourished. As Americans we have come to act more oppressed by freedom than invigorated by it, more concerned with freedom from rather than freedom to.

Essay on role of opposition parties in democracy

King Rama had to bow before majority opinion and banish his Queen Sita. This despite being aware of her purity and innocence.

Essay on role of opposition parties in democracy

But that is how democracy functions. The Indian democratic system is designed on the British system of governance, where members of legislature are elected from constituencies, where each person above the age of 18 years has equal voting rights, irrespective of status, literacy level and faith.

The first principle of our democratic system is that the party or group of parties having majority in numbers has the right to form a government while the rest sit in opposition. Our constitutional thinkers had incorporated several principles and formulated procedures for the smooth functioning of Parliament.

These principles are excellent Essay on role of opposition parties in democracy the quality of good social legislation is very high, as compared to other democractic setups all over the world. If properly implemented, the common man would have equal rights with the richest, in terms of material wealth in our country.

Unfortunately, it is not so and it is obvious to all. Intellectuals all over the world have analyzed our system and found the legislation excellent and we rank amongst the top five nations in the world but in terms of implementation, we are ranked near most underdeveloped and dictatorial countries like Pakistan and Iraq, at the lowest rung.

Our electoral system is totally at fault although our founding fathers are not completely to blame. They had never envisaged that even after half a century, the condition of the common man would become worse than before, that our bureaucracy would be reduced to yes men and spineless self-seekers, that our law and order machinery would be more corrupt than the law breakers, who were supposed to protect the society, and that 60 percent, a majority, of the population would remain illiterate and do not even understand the meaning and functions of the legislature, leave alone the duties of an elected legislator.

The democratic system is based on a strong opposition group in Parliament which acts as the watchdog against vested interests and ensures that laws are properly implemented in their constituency and all over the nation.

They are the guiding beacons who argue against wrong or faulty legislation and show the right way when the ruling party falters.

The common, educated class knows this and we have a strong middle class in the country, who are erudite but have no voice.

No voice because they are not heard at all and are the worst sufferers regarding violation of fundamental rights. The result is that they are also susceptible to corruption. Everyone is looking for jobs with illegal income on the side.

When a father looks for a groom for his daughter, he is not satisfied only with a high paying government job. He wants to know how much the prospective groom earns on the side through illegal gratification.

Ambedkar fallen into this rut? It is because of nepotism at high places.

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Our system of governance has totally failed and the common man has lost all faith in the system. The present scenario where the electoral system eliminates the sincere, the good and honest and elects the corrupt, the mafia backed self seekers to power just because of indulgence of unaccounted money power, has failed to impress.

The forceful speeches by these leaders advising the common man to behave in secularism, discard casteism, rise above linguistic and regional narrow-mindedness and abhor corruption and nepolism for the benefit of the nation, has failed to impress. The citizens see and hear of the corruption in high places and view the legislatures as a meeting place for the most undisciplined and corrupt, hell bent on milching the national economy to fill their own coffers.

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The future of our democracy looks bleak, the strengths are there in the good legislations and we have an independent judiciary as our backbone. Our limitation is that laws are not implemented, the fruits are shifted away by middlemen and nothing trickles down to the common man.

All this while de jure head of executive- President and de facto head of Judiciary Chief Justice of Supreme Court, look on helplessly. What sort of an electoral system is ours where the criminals can get elected from jails, where a person who is a dim wit and mentally crippled, has equal voting rights with the educated and knowledgable, just because he is above 18 years of age.

How can a village bonded labor, who is not even aware of legislative or even his antecedent, in several cases, be herded to polling booths by their masters and cast his vote. How can we ensure that good, honest persons with integrity be elected to serve the cause of our country?

For all these reasons, our electoral system need to be reformed. A minimum level of education need to be stipulated for voting rights. The antecedents and activities of candidates need to be checked before allowing their candidature. An electoral reform bill was proposed with some amendments but no consensus could be reached regarding criminals because nearly all candidates are backed by criminals whose support is needed for muscle power during elections.

Our Constitution talks of secularism and our politicians join hands with communal and secessionist parties like Muslim League who openly advocated a separate nation to be carved our for Muslims. Others are raising the bogey of sharing river waters by different states, as if we are not talking of a one country.

This is the level to which our politicians have been reduced to in the name of democracy.Founding Fathers.

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Featured here are John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, who both contributed to the founding of the United and Jefferson shared many similarities: both men received elite educations, studied law, and became members of their colonial legislatures.

Fascism (/ ˈ f æ ʃ ɪ z əm /) is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and strong regimentation of society and of the economy, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe. The first fascist movements emerged in Italy during World War I before it spread to other European countries.

Included: democracy essay india essay political essay content. Preview text: To understand Democracy and the Democratic System we could check up on the great epic 'Ramayan'. King Rama had to bow before majority opinion and banish his Queen Sita.

This despite being aware of her purity and innocence. But that is how democracy f. The role of opposition in any democracy is to ask right questions from the government and mandate government to reply to those questions honestly.

This is the basic fulcrum on which democracy runs. Democracy by design has to ensure that all voices are heard and . Islam, Muslims and Islamic civilization are under siege in America. Subsequent to the tragic incidents of September 11, Afghanistan and Iraq wars, ISIS’s barbarism and Paris shooting, Islam both as religion and community has witnessed some of the worst attacks upon its heritage and legacy unprecedented in the previous history.

New Left Review 87, May-June Save a PDF file; Send an email; Print article; wolfgang streeck HOW WILL CAPITALISM END? There is a widespread sense today that capitalism is in critical condition, more so than at any time since the end of the Second World War.

[1] A version of this text was delivered as the Anglo-German Foundation Lecture at the British Academy on 23 January

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