Table of Contents Terrorism Terrorism is the use of violence often against civilian targets to instill fear, generate publicity, and sometimes destabilize governments.
While private American citizens may claim to have a clear definition in their minds, particularly after September 11,the answer to these questions is not necessarily as easily verbalized.
This paper will take a look at some of the sociological and political forces that foster and stir up terrorist activity.
In doing so, the reader may glean a more comprehensive understanding of the apparently amorphous practice of international terrorism in the post-industrial world. Keywords Disenfranchisement; Jihad; Mujahideen; Nationalism; Terrorism Sociology of Politics Overview It was a scene that could easily have been anywhere in the modern world: In order to prevent further attacks, the government began a campaign of almost oppressive vigilance designed to weed out terrorist cells, but would in many incidents impinge on the constitutional rights of the people during such campaigns.
The attack in question, however, was not carried out in the modern world, but more than 2, years ago, a time when pirates launched a terrorist attack on the Roman port of Ostia, destroyed much of the consular fleet and kidnapped a senator and his family.
The attack on Ostia would have been considered by many to be a mere footnote in the history of mankind had it not largely repeated itself many times since.
The terrorist attacks on the U. Indeed, international terrorism has long been in existence as a course of action employed by disenfranchised individuals and groups seeking to strike against incumbent, well-equipped entities most often government institutions and countries.
Certainly, the biggest offender was the amorphous al-Qaeda, which preaches radical Islam and seeks the destruction of the Westernized world. However, the "war on terror" would also encompass politically-motivated terrorism such as Communist guerrillas in Latin America and anarchists in Europe.
What is terrorism, and who is a terrorist? Ohio, a case involving an adult theater and its assertion of a right to freedom of expression. He became stuck, however, in attempting to define it. A law clerk, Alan Novak, told him, "Mr.
Justice, you will know it when you see it" Lattman, Indeed, terrorism is arguably just as difficult to define in theoretical terms and yet so easily identified by those who witness it. Infor example, the United Nations introduced the "Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy," which was designed to help the international community combat the threat posed by terrorist organization "in all its forms and manifestations," yet shied away from a concrete definition of its target United Nations, In truth, it is difficult to define terrorism in a clear manner.
Title 22 of the United States Code paints a broad definition of such acts as "premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against non-combatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience. Department of State, The radical views and brutal tactics of Islamic groups such as al-Qaeda, the Taliban and others dedicated to the notion of a jihad "holy war" against the U.
Further Insights Indeed, terrorism, within the context of the definition above, is in many regards a mode of attack rather than an entity or institution.
There is no culture or society of terrorists, distinctive in appearance or bound by geography. This fact is perhaps the most daunting aspect of combating terrorism. While religious extremism, nationalism and political repression are clearly heavy motivators for terrorism, even when the motives are not always clear.
The Russian province of Chechnya has been struggling for independence since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, and Chechen terrorists have launched a number of attacks inside Russia to that end. While the motive has largely been nationalism the quest for independenceforeign fighters have joined the cause, invoking jihad and using religion as the motivator for international terrorists to help.
International Terrorism The term "international" terrorism is somewhat paradoxical — many terrorist groups move across borders to stage their attacks or generate cells in target countries so that attacks can occur from within.
A great many foreign mujahideen Muslim holy warriorsfor example, have left their home countries, received terrorist training in remote "camps" and traveled to Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere to wage jihad — borders do not seem to confine international terrorists, nor do international terrorists seem necessarily focused on national targets or agents thereof.The progress seen in the late 20th century has stalled in the 21st.
Even though around 40% of the world’s population, more people than ever before, live in countries that will hold free and fair. As technology, transport, and a complex international economy make our world smaller, the value of peaceful and cooperative relationships between nations is increasingly important.
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Jan 02, · Truly destructive forms of terrorism are political, quasi political, and religious. Political terrorists attack in hopes of changing policies, usually in reference to color, creed, or profession.
Quasi political terrorism is the use of terrorist tactics for personal gain. FlightGlobal is the global aviation community’s primary source of news, data, insight, knowledge and expertise. We provide news, data, analytics and advisory services to connect the aviation. A summary of Terrorism in 's International Politics.
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There are some truths that I strive to preach, for lack of a better word, in today's information-culture wars propagated in our corrupt mainstream media.