See Article History Alternative Title: Wystan Hugh Auden W.
Auden's lifelong psychoanalytic interests began in his father's library. From the age of eight he attended boarding schools, returning home for holidays. Essays by Divers Hands Friends he met at Oxford include Cecil Day-LewisLouis MacNeiceand Stephen Spender ; these four were commonly though misleadingly identified in the s as the " Auden Group " for their shared but not identical left-wing views.
Auden left Oxford in with a third-class degree. For the next few years Auden sent poems to Isherwood for comments and criticism; the two maintained a sexual friendship in intervals between their relations with others. In —39 they collaborated on three plays and a travel book.
In groups he was often dogmatic and overbearing in a comic way; in more private settings he was diffident and shy except when certain of his welcome.
He was punctual in his habits, and obsessive about meeting deadlines, while choosing to live amidst physical disorder. In Berlin, he first experienced the political and economic unrest that became one of his central subjects.
In his first published book, Poemswas accepted by T. Eliot for Faber and Faberand the same firm remained the British publisher of all the books he published thereafter. In he began five years as a schoolmaster in boys' schools: His relationships and his unsuccessful courtships tended to be unequal either in age or intelligence; his sexual relations were transient, although some evolved into long friendships.
He contrasted these relationships with what he later regarded as the "marriage" his word of equals that he began with Chester Kallman inbased on the unique individuality of both partners.
Through his work for the Film Unit in he met and collaborated with Benjamin Brittenwith whom he also worked on plays, song cycles, and a libretto. In he went to Spain intending to drive an ambulance for the Republic in the Spanish Civil Warbut was put to work broadcasting propaganda, a job he left to visit the front.
His seven-week visit to Spain affected him deeply, and his social views grew more complex as he found political realities to be more ambiguous and troubling than he had imagined. On their way back to England they stayed briefly in New York and decided to move to the United States.
Auden spent late partly in England, partly in Brussels. He had a gift for friendship and, starting in the late s, a strong wish for the stability of marriage; in a letter to his friend James Stern he called marriage "the only subject.
He was embarrassed if they were publicly revealed, as when his gift to his friend Dorothy Day for the Catholic Worker movement was reported on the front page of The New York Times in Their departure from Britain was later seen by many as a betrayal, and Auden's reputation suffered.
Around this time, Auden met the poet Chester Kallmanwho became his lover for the next two years Auden described their relation as a "marriage" that began with a cross-country "honeymoon" journey. He was told that, among those his age 32only qualified personnel were needed.
In —42 he taught English at the University of Michigan. He was called for the draft in the United States Army in Augustbut was rejected on medical grounds. He had been awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship for —43 but did not use it, choosing instead to teach at Swarthmore College in — Strategic Bombing Surveystudying the effects of Allied bombing on German morale, an experience that affected his postwar work as his visit to Spain had affected him earlier.
In he became a naturalised citizen of the US. Then, starting inhe began spending his summers in KirchstettenAustriawhere he bought a farmhouse from the prize money of the Premio Feltrinelli awarded to him in This fairly light workload allowed him to continue to spend winter in New York, where he lived at 77 St.
Mark's Place in Manhattan's East Villageand to spend summer in Europe, spending only three weeks each year lecturing in Oxford. InAuden moved his winter home from New York to Oxford, where his old college, Christ Church, offered him a cottage, while he continued to spend summers in Austria.
He died in Vienna ina few hours after giving a reading of his poems at the Austrian Society for Literature; his death occurred at the Altenburgerhof Hotel where he was staying overnight before his intended return to Oxford the next day.
Auden Auden published about four hundred poems, including seven long poems two of them book-length. His poetry was encyclopaedic in scope and method, ranging in style from obscure twentieth-century modernism to the lucid traditional forms such as ballads and limericksfrom doggerel through haiku and villanelles to a "Christmas Oratorio" and a baroque eclogue in Anglo-Saxon meters.
He collaborated on plays with Christopher Isherwood and on opera libretti with Chester Kallmanand worked with a group of artists and filmmakers on documentary films in the s and with the New York Pro Musica early music group in the s and s.
About collaboration he wrote in He wrote that he rejected poems that he found "boring" or "dishonest" in the sense that they expressed views he had never held but had used only because he felt they would be rhetorically effective.
His literary executorEdward Mendelsonargues in his introduction to Selected Poems that Auden's practice reflected his sense of the persuasive power of poetry and his reluctance to misuse it. Early work, —39[ edit ] Up to [ edit ] Cover of the privately printed Poems Auden began writing poems inat fifteen, mostly in the styles of 19th-century romantic poets, especially Wordsworthand later poets with rural interests, especially Thomas Hardy.Life and Writing Style of Wynstan Hugh Auden PAGES 2.
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About W. H. Auden Wystan Hugh Auden () is one of the most influential voices in 20th Century poetry. It is impossible to summarise his achievements, ranging as they do across some four hundred poems in a bewildering variety of styles, as well as drama, essays, libretti, travel writing and critical works.
W.H. Auden was born Wystan Hugh Auden in York, England, on February 21, Raised by a physician father and a strict, Anglican mother, Auden pursued science and engineering at Oxford University before finding his calling to write and switching his major to iridis-photo-restoration.com: Feb 21,