History - Brown v. Board of Education Re-enactment The Plessy Decision Although the Declaration of Independence stated that "All men are created equal," due to the institution of slavery, this statement was not to be grounded in law in the United States until after the Civil War and, arguably, not completely fulfilled for many years thereafter. Inthe Thirteenth Amendment was ratified and finally put an end to slavery. Moreover, the Fourteenth Amendment strengthened the legal rights of newly freed slaves by stating, among other things, that no state shall deprive anyone of either "due process of law" or of the "equal protection of the law.
Board of Education Re-enactment As a lawyer and judge, Thurgood Marshall strived to protect the rights of all citizens. His legacy earned him the nickname "Mr. Tired of having his friends poke fun at his first name, he decided to try to improve the situation and, at the age of six, legally changed it to Thurgood.
As a young man, perhaps the person who had the most influence on him was his father, a man who always told his son to stand up for his beliefs. Marshall immediately liked the document and set about memorizing various parts of it. Article III establishes the judicial branch of government and the Bill of Rights lists the rights that all American citizens are supposed to enjoy.
Growing up in an era when Jim Crow laws still permeated much of the country, Marshall knew that many African-Americans were not enjoying all of their constitutional rights. From an early age, Marshall was aware of racial injustices in America, and he decided to do something about them.
Moreover, he also knew that the courts might be the best means for doing so. Education Marshall attended the all-black Lincoln University the oldest African-American institution of higher education in the country and, after being rejected from the University of Maryland School of Law because of his race, went on to attend law school at Howard University and graduated first in his class.
Yet, the discrepancy in the caliber of education for whites and blacks was made all too apparent to him when, one day while traveling with Houston, Marshall witnessed a black child biting into an orange.
He had received such a poor education that he neither knew what it was nor how to properly eat it. From this point on, Marshall and Houston were dedicated to a strategy which aimed at ending segregation. After Brown, Marshall argued many more court cases in support of civil rights.
His zeal for ensuring the rights of all citizens regardless of race caught the attention of President John F. Kennedy, who appointed him to the U. InLyndon Johnson appointed him to the post of Solicitor General this person argues cases on behalf of the U.
Finally, inPresident Johnson appointed him to the U. Until his retirement from the Court inMarshall continued to strive to protect the rights of all citizens.
Thurgood Marshall died inleaving behind a legacy that earned him the nickname "Mr. He was only the second justice to be given this honor.A piece of history forgotten Sylvia Mendez is the daughter of Gonzalo Mendez, a Mexican immigrant and Felicitas Mendez, a Puerto Rican immigrant, who fought so that Sylvia could.
Hernandez v. Texas, U.S. (), was a landmark case, "the first and only Mexican-American civil-rights case heard and decided by the United States Supreme Court during the post-World War II period." In a unanimous ruling, the court held that Mexican Americans and all other nationality groups in the United States had equal protection under the 14th Amendment of the U.S.
Constitution. Bill of Rights in Action Home Page and Archives Many lessons on U.S. history, world history, and government from Bill of Rights in Action, CRF's quarterly curricular newsletter.
We have published this tremendous resource since , and we continually add to the archive. Find live MLB scores, MLB player & team news, MLB videos, rumors, stats, standings, team schedules & fantasy games on FOX Sports. Righting a wrong Mendez v.
Westminster brought an end to segregation in O.C.
schools - and ultimately throughout the state and nation. By Phillip Zonkel, Press Telegram, Staff Writer. Mendez v.
Westminster: School Desegregation and Mexican-American Rights (Landmark Law Cases and American Society) [Philippa Strum] on iridis-photo-restoration.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
While Brown v. Board of Education remains much more famous, Mendez v. Westminster School District () was actually the first case in which segregation in education was successfully challenged in .