Now then I turn to the students, and shall consider the education which, by virtue of this principle, a University will give them; and thus I shall be introduced, Gentlemen, to the second question, which I proposed to discuss, viz.
Definition[ edit ] The American Association for the Advancement of Science describes a liberal education in this way: Indeed, a liberal arts education does not necessarily include a liberal education, and a liberal arts program may even be as specialized as a vocational program.
Unlike a professional and vocational education that prepares students for their careers, a liberal education prepares students to utilize their leisure time.
Such an education helps the individual navigate internal and external conflicts in life. For example, a liberal education aims to help students be self-conscious and aware of their actions and motivations.
Individuals also become more considerate for other beliefs and cultures. According to James Engel, the author of The Value of a Liberal Arts Education, "A liberal education provides the framework for an educated and thoughtful citizen. The freemen, mostly concerned about their rights and obligations as citizens, received a non-specialized, non-vocational, liberal arts education that produced well-rounded citizens aware of their place in society.
At the same time, Socrates emphasized the importance of individualismimpressing upon his students the duty of man to form his own opinions through reason rather than indoctrination. Athenian education also provided a balance between developing the mind and the body.
Another possibility is that liberal education dates back to the Zhou Dynastywhere the teachings of Confucianism focused on propriety, morality, and social order. The thirteenth and fourteenth centuries saw a revolt against narrow spirituality and educators started to focus on the human, rather than God.
This humanist approach favored reason, nature and aesthetics. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, liberal education focused mostly on the classics. Commoners, however, were not too keen on studying the classics, so they instead took up vernacular languages and literature, and also the sciences.
Until at least the twentieth century, both humanist and classicist influences remained in the liberal education, and proponents of a progressive education also embraced the humanist philosophy.
Study of the classics continued in the form of the Great Books program. Upon Hutchins' resignation, the university got rid of the program, but an adapted version still exists at Shimer College. While liberal education is a Western movement, it has been influential in other regions as well. Relationship with professional education[ edit ] Liberal education and professional education have often been seen as divergent.
German universities moved towards more professional teaching in the nineteenth century, and unlike American students, who still pursued a liberal education, students elsewhere started to take professional courses in the first or second year of study.
As an emphasis on specialized knowledge grew in the middle of the century, colleges began to adjust the proportion of required general education courses to those required for a particular major. At the same time, humanistic concepts such as imagination and critical thinking, which cannot be tested by such methods, are disappearing from college curricula.
Rather than provide narrowly designed technical courses, a liberal education would foster critical thinking and analytical skills that allow the student to adapt to a rapidly changing workforce.
Esquivel said only eight percent of colleges provide a liberal education to four percent of students in the United States.
Such trends have curtailed the role of education offered in America.The general knowledge supplied by a liberal arts education will help you learn new subjects by one of the most common methods of learning--analogy.
As George Herbert noted, people are best taught by using something they are familiar with, something they already understand, to . Curriculum Vitae Joshua Fausty Department of English New Jersey City University Kennedy Boulevard Jersey City, NJ / [email protected] Newman's Liberal Knowledge versus Ramapo College's GenEd Curriculum PAGES 3.
WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: newman's liberal knowledge, ramapo college's general curriculum, john henry newman, ramapo collegeâ€™s first . a discussion on being an employee State An analysis of the theme of lawless love in shakespeares a midsummer nights dream Board of Higher Education meetings are held newmans liberal knowledge versus ramapo colleges general education curriculum at University System campuses throughout the year Conference an analysis of the life of john calvin and the five points of calvinism call meetings.
“Teaching in Gen Ed, a two-part faculty development event for Gen Ed instructors, Part 2: late- semester procedures and strategies for finishing up strong.” NJCU | Fall Some have recently argued that a liberal education, as opposed to a vocational education, is a waste of time, money and effort because so much of these are spent on the pursuit of knowledge not at all relevant to the chosen major.