The dramatic decline of the orangutan population

The latest data published by a team from 38 international institutions, led by researchers of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research iDiv and Liverpool John Moores University in Great Britain, suggest that between and the total number of Bornean orangutans was reduced by more thananimals. This result means two things. First, there were more orangutans on Borneo than previously estimated. Second, they are disappearing even faster than researchers had envisaged.

The dramatic decline of the orangutan population

It was late evening. The skies were dark and dogs were howling. He handed over the precious package to the manager on duty.

The dramatic decline of the orangutan population

Those who were there that day say there are two things they remember most about their first meeting with the baby ape: Starving, disoriented and too weak to climb, the mother ape was likely walking on the forest floor in search of food when she encountered the humans who would kill her and maim her child.

Over the past 20 years, tens of thousands of wild orangutans have been killed, maimed or orphaned as a direct result of the palm oil industry. Thousands more have died due to the widespread deforestation caused by the cultivation of palm oil. Consumption of palm oil has quintupled globally since The United States and Europe are its top consumers, but the desire for the commodity is growing everywhere.

Some of this increased demand will certainly come from the U. After the FDA required labeling of trans fats in food products inpalm oil imports into the U. This destruction has decimated the habitat of endangered creatures, deeply scarred local communities and is a critical -- though oft-overlooked -- factor in climate change.

However, many environmentalists agree that palm oil, along with timber for paper and pulp, is one of the leading drivers of deforestation in Indonesia and Malaysia.

Sexual Paradox: Human Evolution

Most oil palms are grown on the islands of Sumatra, in Indonesia, and Borneo, which is shared between Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei. Palm oil has also impinged on the livelihood, rights and dignity of indigenous communities. In areas where communities are more forest dependent, such as some areas of Borneo, it can have a devastating impact on their ability to survive.

But according to the EIA, the tribe has been oppressed by both the government and the companies involved in the land grab. This is land that the Dayak Benuaq people have relied on for centuries for sustenance, medicine, culture and identity.

Because of this, the deforestation of such areas to make way for plantations has released particularly large volumes of climate-warming gases into the atmosphere. When peatlands are cleared and drained for palm oil cultivation, an enormous amount of carbon dioxide is released.

The fires on Sumatra have caused record smog in Malaysia and Singapore. Sumatra has stepped up efforts to fight the fires to relieve the conditions. Environmental groups have been sounding the alarm for years about the devastating impacts of palm oil, but these warnings have largely been drowned out by the clamoring for more and more of the oily stuff by oblivious consumers worldwide.

The paradigm, however, has started to shift. Thanks largely to the efforts of NGOs and grassroots activists, more consumers are now informed about the impacts of palm oil, and this knowledge has propelled concerned citizens to pressure companies to rethink their palm oil policies.

Activists of the Centre for Orangutan Protection dressed as injured orangutans during an anti-palm oil demonstration in Jakarta on May 8, Talk, as everyone knows, is cheap. Add to that the mammoth issues of corruption and crime, both rife in the industry, and the reliable tracing of the supply chain becomes almost laughably difficult.

The lowland forests inside the Leuser Ecosystem being cleared to make way for palm oil plantations. It will take the full transformation of the supply chain to find a real breakthrough. Consumers, too, have an indispensable role to play. Consumers need to call on companies to adopt responsible policies, continue to tell them that people care.

Kesi Orangutan Outreach Truly sustainable and ethical palm oil for the whole planet may now seem like an almost impossible dream. With so many moving parts it can be quite complicated.

But we just keep doing everything we can to save them.New orangutan population estimates revealed in the July issue of Oryx reflect those improvements in assessment methodology – including standardized data collection, island-wide surveys, and.

The wolf (Canis lupus), also known as the gray wolf, timber wolf, western wolf, and its other subspecies is a canine native to the wilderness and remote areas of Eurasia and North is the largest extant member of its family, with males averaging 43–45 kg (95–99 lb) and females 36– kg (79–85 lb). Like the red wolf, it is distinguished from other Canis species by its larger. More than half of the orangutan population in Borneo was wiped out during a year-period from and , with a total population loss of ,, scientists say. The most dramatic rates of decline in orangutan populations were found in deforested areas and in areas converted into agricultural land. Surprisingly however, the absolute number of orangutans that were lost was greatest in selectively logged and primary forests, where most orangutans occur.

WOA! World Population Awareness is a non-profit web publication seeking to inform people about overpopulation, unsustainability, and overconsumption; the impacts, including depletion of natural resources, water, oil, soil, fertilizers, species loss, malnutrition, poverty, displacement of people, conflict; and what can be done about it: women's advancement, education, reproductive health care.

Feb 16,  · At a Glance. More than half of the orangutan population in Borneo was wiped out during a year-period.

The dramatic decline of the orangutan population

Poaching, the pet trade and habitat loss are major factors in the population decline. The Holocene extinction is mainly caused by human activity. Extinction of animals, plants, and other organisms caused by human actions may go as far back as the late Pleistocene, over 12, years ago.

There is a correlation between megafaunal extinction and the arrival of humans, and human overpopulation and human population growth, along with overconsumption and consumption growth, .

As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria. Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo.

Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from The table below presents an abbreviated geologic time scale, with times and events germane to this essay.

Please refer to a complete geologic time scale when this one seems inadequate.

Holocene extinction - Wikipedia